The Battle of Antietam’s exact numbers of casualties were almost impossible to compile. But according to Official Records of the War of the Rebellion and the Antietam Battlefield Board, the Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest battle in American history. About 23,000 men did not SURVIVE…. or were wounded or missing over the course of the single-day battle.
The story of the daffodil originated from Greek legend & superstition. The Daffodil (Narcissus species) belongs to the Amaryllis family.
The botanical name of the genus Narcissus is often said to derive from the classical tale of Narcissus, who was blessed with eternal beauty. The drooping of the daffodil symbolises the image of Narcissus bowing his head to admire his image in the lake. They say the centre of the daffodil is a cup filled with his tears. Some people believe the daffodil represents vanity and unrequited love. This story led to the term Narcissism or a Narcissistic view.
The bulbs are poisonous and if consumed, can cause vomiting. The bulb extract, if applied to an open wound, has caused numbness of the whole nervous system and heart paralysis. The flowers are slightly poisonous and the sap is toxic to other flowers and can also cause dermatitis and irritation to the skin, known as ‘daffodil itch’.
It also has many beneficial uses and was used in the olden days to relieve whooping cough and bronchitis, and as a poultice to heal burns and wounds. Wealthy women used the yellow flower dye to tint their hair and eyebrows. Today, it is used in Alzheimer’s drugs and is also being researched as a treatment for depression.
Dogwoods are symbols of protection and safety in southeastern Native American tribes. In some Mohawk communities, the primeval Tree of Life in the Sky World was said to be a giant dogwood tree. In Northwestern tribes such as the Quileute and Makah, the dogwood symbolized good luck and dogwood berries were eaten during religious ceremonies.